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Mutation of amino acids within the gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) receptor differentially affects feline leukemia virus subgroup B, simian sarcoma-associated virus, and GALV infections.

By C S Tailor, Y Takeuchi, B O'Hara, S V Johann, R A Weiss and M K Collins

Abstract

The three type C retroviruses, gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV), simian sarcoma-associated virus (SSAV), and feline leukemia virus subgroup B (FeLV-B), infect human cells by interacting with the same cell surface receptor, GLVR1. Using LacZ retroviral pseudotypes and murine cells transfected with mutant GLVR1 expression vectors, we show that the same 9-amino-acid region of human GLVR1 is critical for infection by the three viruses. Rat cells were not susceptible to infection by LacZ (FeLV-B) pseudotypes because of a block at the receptor level. We found multiple amino acid differences from human GLVR1 in the 9-amino-acid critical region of rat GLVR1. Expression of a human-rat chimeric GLVR1 in murine cells demonstrated that rat GLVR1 could function as a receptor for GALV and SSAV but not for FeLV-B. Substitution of human GLVR1 amino acids in the critical region of rat GLVR1 identified three amino acids as responsible for resistance to FeLV-B infection; two of these affect SSAV infection, but none affects GALV infection

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:238114
Provided by: PubMed Central
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