The regulation of alpha-ketogluterate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase, fumarase, malate dehydrogenase, and malic enzyme has been studied in Bacillus subitilis. The levels of these enzymes increase rapidly during late exponential phase in a complex medium and are maximal 1 to 2 h after the onset of sporulation. Regulation of enzyme synthesis has been studied in the wild type and different citric acid cycle mutants by adding various metabolites to the growth medium. Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase is induced by glutamate or alpha-ketoglutarate; succinate dehydrogenase is repressed by malate; and fumarase and malic enzyme are induced by fumarate and malate, respectively. The addition of glucose leads to repression of the citric acid cycle enzymes whereas the level of malic enzyme is unaffected. Studies on the control of enzyme activities in vitro have shown that alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase are inhibited by oxalacetate. Enzyme activities are also influenced by the energy level, expressed as the energy charge of the adenylate pool. Isocitrate dehydrogenase, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase, and malic enzyme are inhibited at high energy charge values, whereas malate dehydrogenase is inhibited at low energy charge. A survey of the regulation of the citric acid cycle in B.subtilis, based on the present work and previously reported results, is presented and discussed
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