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Inhibition of p53-mediated growth arrest by overexpression of cyclin-dependent kinases.

By K M Latham, S W Eastman, A Wong and P W Hinds


Rat fibroblasts transformed by a temperature-sensitive mutant of murine p53 undergo a reversible growth arrest in G1 at 32.5 degrees C, the temperature at which p53 adopts a wild-type conformation. The arrested cells contain inactive cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (cdk2) despite the presence of high levels of cyclin E and cdk-activating kinase activity. This is due in part to p53-dependent expression of the p2l cdk inhibitor. Upon shift to 39 degrees C, wild-type p53 is lost and cdk2 activation and pRb phosphorylation occur concomitantly with loss of p2l. This p53-mediated growth arrest can be abrogated by overexpression of cdk4 and cdk6 but not cdk2 or cyclins, leading to continuous proliferation of transfected cells in the presence of wild-type p53 and p2l. Kinase-inactive counterparts of cdk4 and cdk6 also rescue these cells from growth arrest, implicating a noncatalytic role for cdk4 and cdk6 in this resistance to p53-mediated growth arrest. Aberrant expression of these cell cycle kinases may thus result in an oncogenic interference with inhibitors of cell cycle progression

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
DOI identifier: 10.1128/mcb.16.8.4445
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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