Other investigators have isolated soluble, low-potential, c-type cytochromes (cytochrome c3) from a few photosynthetic procaryotes, i.e., a cyanobacterium and two species of purple nonsulfur bacteria. However, such cytochromes appeared to be absent from other purple bacteria, including Rhodospirillum rubrum and Chromatium vinosum. We now report evidence for the presence of low-potential c-type cytochromes in these two species, in which they were found to be bound to the photosynthetic membranes. Evidence for a membrane-bound, low-potential c-type cytochrome was also found in Rhodopseudomonas sphaeoides. The low-potential c-type cytochrome of R. rubrum was solubilized by a Triton X-100 treatment of chromatophores and was partly purified. It was found to have a molecular weight of about 17,000, a midpoint oxidation-reduction potential of -192 mV, and an alpha-absorption peak at 552 nm. It appears that low-potential c-type cytochromes may be present in all purple photosynthetic bacteria, of both the sulfur and the nonsulfur types
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