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Fertility factors in Pseudomonas putida: selection and properties of high-frequency transfer and chromosome donors.

By M Hermann, G K Garg and I C Gunsalus

Abstract

The octane plasmid (OCT) in Pseudomonas putida strains has been shown to be transferred at low frequency. However, bacteria which had newly received this plasmid showed a transient increase in donor ability. Using Octane+ P. putida as the donor, the transfer of most chromosomal markers was shown to be independent of OCT transfer, whereas the mobilization of the octanoate catabolism genes (octanoic and acetate) was dependent on OCT plasmid transfer. The presence of a fertility factor termed FPo has been postulated to explain these results. Strains carrying only this fertility factor have been obtained from strains carrying both OCT and FPo plasmids. Strains in which the OCT plasmid was transferred at high frequencies have also been isolated, and chromosome mobilization by OCT and FPo has been compared. A different gradient of transmission by OCT and FPo has been observed. It has also been shown that chromosome transfer by OCT was dependent on the bacterial recombination system, whereas the chromosome transfer by FPo was unaffected by the presence of a rec mutation in the donor strain

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1979
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:218414
Provided by: PubMed Central
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