The uptake of methylamine and of methanol by the facultative methylotroph Pseudomonas sp. strain AM1 was investigated. It was found that this organism possesses two uptake systems for methylamine. One of these operates when methylamine is the sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy. It has a Km of 1.33 X 10(-4) M and a Vmax of 67 nmol/min per mg of cells (dry weight). The other system, found when methylamine is the sole nitrogen source only, has a Km of 1.2 X 10(-5) M and a Vmax of 8.9 nmol/min per mg of cells (dry weight). Both uptake systems were severely inhibited by azide, cyanide, carbonyl cyanide-m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, and N-ethylmaleimide, but only the high-affinity system was inhibited by ammonium ions with a Ki of 7.7 mM. Both systems were susceptible to osmotic shock treatment, competitively inhibited by ethylamine, and unaffected by most amino acids. Methanol uptake showed a Km of 4.8 microM and a Vmax of 60.6 nmol/min per mg of cells (dry weight) and was not inhibited by osmotic shock treatment. Azide, cyanide, and N-ethylmaleimide curtailed uptake, but carbonyl cyanide-m-chlorophenyl hydrazone merely reduced the rate of uptake. A methanol dehydrogenase mutant, M15A, was unable to take up methanol. It is proposed that methanol diffuses into the cell where it is rapidly oxidized by methanol dehydrogenase
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