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Modulation by copper of the products of nitrite respiration in Pseudomonas perfectomarinus.

By T Matsubara, K Frunzke and W G Zumft


A synthetic growth medium was purified with the chelator 1,5-diphenylthiocarbazone to study the effects of copper on partial reactions and product formation of nitrite respiration in Pseudomonas perfectomarinus. This organism grew anaerobically in a copper-deficient medium with nitrate or nitrite as the terminal electron acceptor. Copper-deficient cells had high activity for reduction of nitrate, nitrite, and nitric oxide, but little activity for nitrous oxide reduction. High rates of nitrous oxide reduction were observed only in cells grown on a copper-sufficient (1 micro M) medium. Copper-deficient cells converted nitrate or nitrite initially to nitrous oxide instead of dinitrogen, the normal end product of nitrite respiration in this organism. In agreement with this was the finding that anaerobic growth of P. perfectomarinus with nitrous oxide as the terminal electron acceptor required copper. This requirement was not satisfied by substitution of molybdenum, zinc, nickel, cobalt, or manganese for copper. Reconstitution of nitrous oxide reduction in copper-deficient cells was rapid on addition of a small amount of copper, even though protein synthesis was inhibited. The results indicate an involvement of copper protein(s) in the last step of nitrite respiration in P. perfectomarinus. In addition we found that nitric oxide, a presumed intermediate of nitrite respiration, inhibited nitrous oxide reduction

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1982
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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