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Regulation of glutamine synthesis by glycine and serine in Neurospora crassa.

By G Hernández, Y Mora and J Mora

Abstract

The biosynthetic activities of the polypeptide subunits alpha and beta of glutamine synthetase (GS) were inhibited in vitro by glycine and serine. These amino acids inhibited the growth of a mutant strain with partial GS activity when grown on glutamate as the nitrogen source and also blocked the synthesis of the glutamine in vivo, thus demonstrating the inhibitory effect on GS activity in vivo. Glycine and serine lowered the intracellular glutamine pool and regulated GS beta synthesis. A preferential induction of synthesis of the GS beta polypeptide was observed when either of these amino acids was present in the medium. On this basis, we obtained a glycine-sensitive mutant which showed a structural alteration of the GS beta polypeptide. The double regulatory effect of either glycine or serine on glutamine synthesis may be considered an example of the regulation of glutamine synthesis by alpha-amino nitrogen. It may be a mechanism that regulates the assimilation of ammonium into glutamate versus glutamine

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1986
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:214380
Provided by: PubMed Central
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