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Lowering of cytoplasmic pH is essential for growth of Streptococcus faecalis at high pH.

By Y Kakinuma


The growth of Streptococcus faecalis at high pH was significantly stimulated by carbonate. In the absence of added carbonate the cells were unable to grow at a pH above 9.5, but in media containing 50 mM HCO3- they grew even at pH 10.5. Both rate and yield of growth at pH 9.5 were significantly stimulated by as little as 5 mM carbonate. The cytoplasmic pH in growing cells was maintained at about 7.8 to 8.2, whereas the medium pH ranged from 8.4 to 9.5. Nigericin and gramicidin D, ionophores which conduct protons, blocked growth at pH 9.5 but not at pH 7.5. These results indicate that lowering of the cytoplasmic pH is essential for the growth of this organism at high pH

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1987
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.169.9.4403-4405.1987
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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