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Heat shock proteins of vegetative and fruiting Myxococcus xanthus cells.

By D R Nelson and K P Killeen

Abstract

The heat shock response of Myxococcus xanthus was investigated and characterized. When shifted from 28 to 40 degrees C, log-phase cells rapidly ceased growth, exhibited a 50% reduction in CFU, and initiated the synthesis of heat shock proteins (HTPs). Heat-shocked log-phase M. xanthus cells labeled with [35S]methionine were found to produce 18 major HTPs. The HTPs, analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and fluorography, were characterized with regard to molecular mass, subcellular location (periplasm, membrane, or cytoplasm), and temperature required for expression. Most HTPs were expressed at 36 degrees C, the optimum growth temperature of M. xanthus. Cells preincubated at 36 degrees C for 1 h before being shifted to 40 degrees C demonstrated increased thermotolerance compared with cells shifted directly from 28 to 40 degrees C. The HTPs produced by heat-shocked starvation-induced fruiting cells and glycerol-induced sporulating cells were also analyzed and characterized. Thirteen HTPs were detected in fruiting cells shifted from 28 to 40 degrees C. Six of these HTPs were not seen in vegetative M. xanthus cells. Log-phase cells induced to sporulate by the addition of glycerol produced 17 HTPs after being shifted to 40 degrees C. These HTPs were found to be a mixture of HTPs detected in heat-shocked log-phase cells and heat-shocked fruiting cells

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1986
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.168.3.1100-1106.1986
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:213608
Provided by: PubMed Central
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