Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Comparative analysis of the base biases at the gene terminal portions in seven eukaryote genomes

By Yoshihito Niimura, Mahito Terabe, Takashi Gojobori and Kin-ichiro Miura


Adenine nucleotides have been found to appear preferentially in the regions after the initiation codons or before the termination codons of bacterial genes. Our previous experiments showed that AAA and AAT, the two most frequent second codons in Escherichia coli, significantly enhance translation efficiency. To determine whether such a characteristic feature of base frequencies exists in eukaryote genes, we performed a comparative analysis of the base biases at the gene terminal portions using the proteomes of seven eukaryotes. Here we show that the base appearance at the codon third positions of gene terminal regions is highly biased in eukaryote genomes, although the codon third positions are almost free from amino acid preference. The bias changes depending on its position in a gene, and is characteristic of each species. We also found that bias is most outstanding at the second codon, the codon after the initiation codon. NCN is preferred in every genome; in particular, GCG is strongly favored in human and plant genes. The presence of the bias implies that the base sequences at the second codon affect translation efficiency in eukaryotes as well as bacteria

Topics: Articles
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1093/nar
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.