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Genetic organization and regulation of the xylose degradation genes in Streptomyces rubiginosus.

By H C Wong, Y Ting, H C Lin, F Reichert, K Myambo, K W Watt, P L Toy and R J Drummond

Abstract

The xylose isomerase (xylA) and the xylulose kinase (xylB) genes from Streptomyces rubiginosus were isolated, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. The xylA and xylB genes encode proteins of 388 and 481 amino acids, respectively. These two genes are transcribed divergently from within a 114-nucleotide sequence separating the coding regions. Regulation of the xyl genes in S. rubiginosus was examined by fusing their promoters to the Pseudomonas putida catechol dioxygenase gene and integrating the fusions into the minicircle integration site on the S. rubiginosus chromosome. The expression of catechol dioxygenase was then measured under a variety of conditions. The results indicated that transcription of the xyl genes was induced by D-xylose and repressed by glucose. Data from quantitative S1 mapping were consistent with this conclusion and suggested that xylA had one and xylB had two transcription initiation sites. The transcription initiation site of xylA was 40 bp upstream of the coding region. The two transcription initiation sites of xylB were 20 and 41 bp 5' of its translation initiation codon. Under control of appropriate regulatory elements, the cloned xyl genes are capable of complementing either Escherichia coli xylose isomerase- or xylulose kinase-deficient strains. The deduced amino acid sequence of the S. rubiginosus xylA protein is highly homologous to sequences of other microbial xylose isomerases

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.173.21.6849-6858.1991
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:209037
Provided by: PubMed Central
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