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The tdh and serA operons of Escherichia coli: mutational analysis of the regulatory elements of leucine-responsive genes.

By J H Rex, B D Aronson and R L Somerville


The tdh promoter of Escherichia coli is induced seven- to eightfold when cells are grown in the presence of exogenous leucine. A scheme was devised to select mutants that exhibited high constitutive expression of the tdh promoter. The mutations in these strains were shown to lie within a previously identified gene (lrp) that encodes Lrp (leucine-responsive regulatory protein). By deletion analysis, the site of action of Lrp was localized to a 25-bp region between coordinates -69 and -44 of the tdh promoter. Disruption of a 12-bp presumptive target sequence found in this region of tdh resulted in constitutively derepressed expression from the tdh promoter. Similar DNA segments (consensus, TTTATTCtNaAT) were also identified in a number of other promoters, including each of the Lrp-regulated promoters whose nucleotide sequence is known. The sequence of the promoter region of serA, an Lrp-regulated gene, was determined. No Lrp consensus target sequence was present upstream of serA, suggesting that Lrp acts indirectly on the serA promoter. A previously described mutation in a leucine-responsive trans-acting factor, LivR (J. J. Anderson, S. C. Quay, and D. L. Oxender, J. Bacteriol. 126:80-90, 1976), resulted in constitutively repressed expression from the tdh promoter and constitutively induced expression from the serA promoter. The possibility that LivR and Lrp are allelic is discussed

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.173.19.5944-5953.1991
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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