The genes for hsp70 (or dnaK) have been cloned and sequenced from Rhizobium meliloti and Pseudomonas cepacia, two bacterial species belonging to the alpha- and beta-subdivisions of gram-negative proteobacteria, respectively. On the basis of global alignment of HSP70 proteins, several sequence signatures have been identified that are distinctive of mitochondrial homologs and gram-negative proteobacteria on the one hand and the chloroplasts and cyanobacteria on the other. Detailed phylogenetic analyses of HSP70 sequences from various eubacteria and eukaryotic organellar and cytosolic homologs support the inference regarding the origin of mitochondria from a member of the alpha-proteobacteria and of chloroplasts from cyanobacteria. The analysis presented here also suggests a monophyletic origin of the mitochondrial homologs
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