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Structural studies of the side chain of outer membrane lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas syringae pv. coriandricola W-43.

By S Das, M Ramm, H Kochanowski and S Basu

Abstract

The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was isolated from Pseudomonas syringae pv. coriandricola W-43 by hot phenol-water extraction. Rhamnose and 3-N-acetyl-3-deoxyfucose were found to be the major sugar constituents of the LPS together with N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine, heptose, and 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid (Kdo). The main fatty acids of lipid A of the LPS were 3-OH-C:10, C12:0, 2-OH-C12:0, and 3-OH-C12:0. The O-specific polysaccharide liberated from the LPS by mild-acid hydrolysis was purified by gel permeation chromatography. The compositional analysis of the O-specific polysaccharide revealed the presence of L-rhamnose and 3-N-acetyl-3-deoxy-D-fucose in a molar ratio of 4:1. The primary structure of the O-specific polysaccharide was established by methylation analysis together with 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, including two-dimensional shift-correlated and one-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy. The polysaccharide moiety was found to consist of a tetrasaccharide rhamnan backbone, and 3-N-acetyl-3-deoxy-D-fucose constitutes the side chain of the branched pentasaccharide repeating unit of the polysaccharide

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1994
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.176.21.6550-6557.1994
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:197009
Provided by: PubMed Central
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