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Conflicting Processes in the Extinction of Conditioned Taste Aversion: Behavioral and Molecular Aspects of Latency, Apparent Stagnation, and Spontaneous Recovery

By Diego E. Berman, Shoshi Hazvi, Jimmy Stehberg, Amir Bahar and Yadin Dudai

Abstract

The study of experimental extinction and of the spontaneous recovery of the extinguished memory could cast light on neurobiological mechanisms by which internal representations compete to control behavior. In this work, we use a combination of behavioral and molecular methods to dissect subprocesses of experimental extinction of conditioned taste aversion (CTA). Extinction of CTA becomes apparent only 90 min after the extinction trial. This latency is insensitive to muscarinic and β-adrenergic modulation and to protein synthesis inhibition in the insular cortex (IC). Immediately afterwards, however, the extinguishing trace becomes sensitive to β-adrenergic blockade and protein synthesis inhibition. The subsequent kinetics and magnitude of extinction depend on whether a spaced or massed extinction protocol is used. A massed protocol is highly effective in the short run, but results in apparent stagnation of extinction in the long-run, which conceals fast spontaneous recovery of the preextinguished trace. This recovery can be truncated by a β-adrenergic agonist or a cAMP analog in the insular cortex, suggesting that spontaneous overtaking of the behavioral control by the original association is regulated at least in part by β-adrenergic input, probably operating via the cAMP cascade, long after the offset of the conditioned stimulus. Hence, the performance of the subject in experimental extinction is the sum total of multiple, sometimes conflicting, time-dependent processes

Topics: Research Paper
Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1101/lm.53703
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:196653
Provided by: PubMed Central
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