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Synergy of Binary Substitutions for Improving the Cycle Performance in LiNiO2 Revealed by Ab Initio Materials Informatics

By Tomohiro Yoshida, Ryo Maezono and Kenta Hongo


We explore LiNiO2-based cathode materials with two-element substitutions by an ab initio simulation based materials informatics (AIMI) approach. According to our previous study, a higher cycle performance strongly correlates with less structural change during charge-discharge cycles; the latter can be used for evaluating the former. However, if we target the full substitution space, full simulations are infeasible even for all binary combinations. To circumvent such an exhaustive search, we rely on Bayesian optimization. Actually, by searching only 4% of all the combinations, our AIMI approach discovered two promising combinations, Cr-Mg and Cr-Re, whereas each atom itself never improved the performance. We conclude that the synergy never emerges from a common strategy restricted to combinations of "good" elements that individually improve the performance. In addition, we propose a guideline for the binary substitutions by elucidating the mechanism of crystal structure change.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Materials Science
Publisher: 'American Chemical Society (ACS)'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.1021/acsomega.0c01649
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