Adaptive resistance is a phenomenon recently described for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other gram-negative bacilli following exposure to aminoglycoside antibiotics. It is a reversible form of resistance which develops within 1 to 2 h of initial exposure to an aminoglycoside and disappears several hours after removal of the antibiotic. We investigated adaptive resistance in P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 following single doses of gentamicin by using a dynamic in vitro model which mimics in vivo pharmacokinetics. The initial peak gentamicin concentrations were 2.5, 8, and 25 mg/liter, and these were followed by an exponential decay in the concentration, with a half-life of 2.5 h. The degree of adaptive resistance was greater and the duration was longer with higher initial gentamicin concentrations. Maximal adaptive resistance occurred between 2 and 10 h following 8 mg/liter and between 2 and 16 h following 25 mg/liter. Full recovery of susceptibility occurred at approximately 36, 39, and 43 h following 2.5, 8, and 25 mg/liter, respectively, at which times the gentamicin concentrations were extremely low. Longer dosing intervals for aminoglycosides may improve efficacy by allowing time for adaptive resistance to resolve
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.