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Poliovirus Sabin type 1 neutralization epitopes recognized by immunoglobulin A monoclonal antibodies.

By L Fiore, B Ridolfi, D Genovese, G Buttinelli, S Lucioli, A Lahm and F M Ruggeri

Abstract

Immunity to poliomyelitis is largely dependent on humoral neutralizing antibodies, both after natural (wild virus or vaccine) infection and after inactivated poliovirus vaccine inoculation. Although the production of local secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody in the gut mucosa may play a major role in protection, most of information about the antigenic determinants involved in neutralization of polioviruses derives from studies conducted with humoral monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) generated from parenterally immunized mice. To investigate the specificity of the mucosal immune response to the virus, we have produced a library of IgA MAbs directed at Sabin type 1 poliovirus by oral immunization of mice with live virus in combination with cholera toxin. The epitopes recognized by 13 neutralizing MAbs were characterized by generating neutralization-escape virus mutants. Cross-neutralization analysis of viral mutants with MAbs allowed these epitopes to be divided into four groups of reactivity. To determine the epitope specificity of MAbs, virus variants were sequenced and the mutations responsible for resistance to the antibodies were located. Eight neutralizing MAbs were found to be directed at neutralization site N-AgIII in capsid protein VP3; four more MAbs recognized site N-AgII in VP1 or VP2. One IgA MAb selected a virus variant which presented a unique mutation at amino acid 138 in VP2, not previously described. This site appears to be partially related with site N-AgII and is located in a loop region facing the VP2 N-Ag-II loop around residue 164. Only 2 of 13 MAbs proved able to neutralize the wild-type Mahoney strain of poliovirus. The IgA antibodies studied were found to be produced in the dimeric form needed for recognition by the polyimmunoglobulin receptor mediating secretory antibody transport at the mucosal level

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:191973
Provided by: PubMed Central
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