Immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the capsular glucuronoxylomannan (GXM) were studied for their ability to modify the course of intravenous Cryptococcus neoformans infection in mice. A/J mice were given intraperitoneal injection of 1.0 mg of either a GXM-binding IgG1 MAb (2H1 or 2D10 gamma 1) or the irrelevant isotype-matched control MAb 36-65 prior to intravenous infection. Parameters used to study antibody efficacy were lung and brain tissue fungal burden, lung and brain weights, serum GXM levels, and histopathological examination of lung, brain, heart, kidney, and spleen tissues. Mice given GXM-binding MAb had significantly reduced lung tissue fungal burden as measured by CFU. In contrast to the reduction in lung tissue burden, the reduction in brain tissue burden was small and did not achieve statistical significance. Serum GXM levels were reduced in mice receiving GXM-binding MAb. Histopathological examination revealed reduced numbers of granulomas and C. neoformans organisms in the lungs, brains, and kidneys of MAb 2H1-treated mice relative to control mice. The lungs and brains of mice receiving GXM-binding MAb weighed significantly less than those of control animals, consistent with the reduced inflammation noted histologically. Subendocardial inflammation and kidney cortical infarctions were present in control infected mice but not in MAb 2H1-treated mice. Immunocytochemical staining for polysaccharide antigen revealed a marked reduction in the amount of tissue polysaccharide in mice treated with MAb 2H1 relative to control mice. The results support an useful role for passive antibody administration in C. neoformans infections
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