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Interleukin-1 beta modulates the growth and phenotype of neonatal rat cardiac myocytes.

By C M Thaik, A Calderone, N Takahashi and W S Colucci

Abstract

Mononuclear cell infiltration and local cytokine elaboration are hallmarks of inflammatory and immunologic heart diseases. To test the hypothesis that cytokines can modulate cardiac myocyte growth and phenotype, myocytes cultured from neonatal rat hearts were exposed to IL-1 beta, an inflammatory cytokine prevalent in myocardial inflammation. IL-1 beta (2 ng/ml, 24 h) increased [3H]leucine incorporation by 30 +/- 4% (P < 0.001, n = 29) and net cellular protein content by 20 +/- 4% (P < 0.001, n = 27), but had no effect on DNA synthesis. Northern hybridization showed that IL-1 beta increased prepro-atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) mRNA (5.8 +/- 1.5-fold, P < 0.01, n = 13) and beta-myosin heavy chain (beta-MHC) mRNA (> 10-fold, n = 4), and decreased mRNA levels for sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2) (-46 +/- 7%; P < 0.001; n = 11), calcium release channel (CRC) (-65 +/- 11%, P < 0.001, n = 8) and voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) (-53 +/- 7%, P < 0.001, n = 8). NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (1 mM), an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, did not inhibit the IL-1 beta-induced protein synthesis or changes in mRNA levels. In ventricular myocardium obtained from adult rats treated with lipopolysaccharide (4 mg/kg intraperitoneally 18 h) to stimulate systemic cytokine production, there were changes in the mRNA levels for beta-MHC (6 +/- 1-fold, P < 0.01, n = 4), SERCA2 (-65 +/- 4%, P < 0.0001, n = 4), CRC (-67 +/- 5%, P < 0.001, n = 4), and VDCC (-58 +/- 5%, P < 0.001; n = 4) that were qualitatively similar to those observed in cultured myocytes. Thus, IL-1 beta, acting via an NO-independent mechanism, caused myocyte hypertrophy associated with induction of fetal genes (ANF and beta-MHC) and downregulation of three important calcium regulatory genes (SERCA2, CRC, and VDCC). IL-1 beta may contribute to the abnormal structural and functional alterations of cardiac myocytes in conditions marked by mononuclear cell infiltration

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci118095
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:185298
Provided by: PubMed Central
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