The specificity between the sym-2 gene bred into certain cultivars of pea (Pisum sativum L.) and the nodX gene, present only rarely in isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum, can be exploited to preempt competition or nodulation blocking by a Rhizobium strain indigenous to a soil environment. The principle is to isolate an R. leguminosarum strain prevalent in a locale, convert it into a strain that will nodulate a desirable pea cultivar carrying sym-2 by establishing nodX in it, and then use the resulting Rhizobium strain with the pea cultivar carrying sym-2. To accomplish this, we first constructed a transposon Tn5 derivative called Tn5nodX and an efficient delivery vehicle that is suicidal in R. leguminosarum. We tested the potential utility of the system in greenhouse experiments. The results are encouraging enough to warrant extensive experiments under field conditions
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