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Identification and analysis of the dissimilatory nitrous oxide reduction genes, nosRZDFY, of Rhizobium meliloti.

By P Holloway, W McCormick, R J Watson and Y K Chan


The complete nos region essential for dissimilatory nitrous oxide reduction by the endosymbiotic diazotroph Rhizobium meliloti was identified in a cosmid (pYC7) carrying a 10.1-kb EcoRI fragment of the nod megaplasmid. This gene region was localized by Southern hybridization and Tn5 mutagenesis to within 8 kb downstream from the fixGHIS cluster. Nucleotide sequence determination of a 4.6-kb DNA segment including the structural gene nosZ and its flanking regions showed sequence homology and similarity in genetic organization with the nosRZDFY genes of Pseudomonas stutzeri Zobell. The genes were arranged in three complementation groups, comprising the nosZ structural gene, the nosR regulatory gene, and the nosDFY copper-processing genes. The derived amino acid sequence of the R. meliloti nosZ product (a multi-copper nitrous oxide reductase) was more similar to those of the analogous gene products of Paracoccus and Pseudomonas species than to that of Alcaligenes eutrophus. The nosZ gene was preceded by nosR, which encodes a regulatory protein containing C-terminal cysteine clusters similar to those present in the 4Fe-4S binding region of bacterial ferredoxins, The nosDFY genes, located downstream from nosZ, were identified as copper-processing genes encoding a periplasmic protein, an ATP/GTP-binding protein, and a membrane protein presumably forming a copper-processing system. A consensus sequence for an Anr- or Fnr-binding site similar to that in the upstream sequence of nosZ in Paracoccus denitrificans or P. stutzeri was absent in R. meliloti. No rpoN-binding site preceding the nos genes was detected, and none of the Tn5 insertions in the nos gene region affected symbiotic N2-fixing ability

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.178.6.1505-1514.1996
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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