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Inflammatory Cytokine Response to Vibrio vulnificus Elicited by Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Chronic Alcohol Users Is Associated with Biomarkers of Cellular Oxidative Stress

By Jan L. Powell, Kathy A. Strauss, Cynthia Wiley, Min Zhan and J. Glenn Morris Jr.

Abstract

Vibrio vulnificus is the leading cause of death in the United States associated with the consumption of raw seafood, particularly oysters. In epidemiological studies, primary septicemia and inflammation-mediated septic shock caused by V. vulnificus is strongly associated with liver disease, often in the context of chronic alcohol abuse. The present study was undertaken to determine whether clinical biomarkers of liver function or cellular oxidative stress are associated with peripheral blood mononuclear cell inflammatory cytokine responses to V. vulnificus. Levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha elicited in response to V. vulnificus and measured in cell supernatants were not associated with the liver biomarkers aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or the AST/ALT ratio. In contrast, reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were associated with the release of all four cytokines (IL-1β [R(2) = 0.382; P = 0.006], IL-6 [R(2) = 0.393; P = 0.005], IL-8 [R(2) = 0.487; P = 0.001], and TNF-α [R(2) = 0.292; P = 0.021]). Those individuals with below-normal GSH levels produced significantly less proinflammatory cytokines in response to V. vulnificus. We hypothesize that persons with markers for cellular oxidative stress have increased susceptibility to V. vulnificus septicemia

Topics: Host Response and Inflammation
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1128/IAI.71.7.4212-4216.2003
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:161976
Provided by: PubMed Central
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