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Dynamics of phragmoplastin in living cells during cell plate formation and uncoupling of cell elongation from the plane of cell division.

By X Gu and D P Verma

Abstract

The cell plate is formed by the fusion of Golgi apparatus-derived vesicles in the center of the phragmoplast during cytokinesis in plant cells. A dynamin-like protein, phragmoplastin, has been isolated and shown to be associated with cell plate formation in soybean by using immunocytochemistry. In this article, we demonstrate that similar to dynamin, phragmoplastin polymerizes to form oligomers. We fused soybean phragmoplastin with the green fluorescence protein (GFP) and introduced it into tobacco BY-2 cells to monitor the dynamics of early events in cell plate formation. We demonstrate that the chimeric protein is functional and targeted to the cell plate during cytokinesis in transgenic cells. GFP-phragmoplastin was found to appear first in the center of the forming cell plate, and as the cell plate grew outward, it redistributed to the growing margins of the cell plate. The redistribution of phragmoplastin may require microtubule reorganization because the microtubule-stabilizing drug taxol inhibited phragmoplastin redistribution. Our data show that throughout the entire process of cytokinesis, phragmoplastin is concentrated in the area in which membrane fusion is active, suggesting that phragmoplastin participates in an early membrane fusion event during cell plate formation. Based on the dynamics of GFP-phragmoplastin, it appears that the process of cell plate formation is completed in two phases. The first phase is confined to the cylinder of the phragmoplast proper and is followed by a second phase that deposits phragmoplast vesicles in a concentric fashion, resulting in a ring of fluorescence, with the concentration of vesicles being higher at the periphery. In addition, overexpression of GFP-phragmoplastin appears to act as a dominant negative, slowing down the completion of cell plate formation, and often results in an oblique cell plate. The latter appears to uncouple cell elongation from the plane of cell division, forming twisted and elongated cells with longitudinal cell divisions

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
DOI identifier: 10.1105/tpc.9.2.157
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:156908
Provided by: PubMed Central
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