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Enteric Salmonella Infection Inhibits Paneth Cell Antimicrobial Peptide Expression

By Nita H. Salzman, Margaret M. Chou, Hendrik de Jong, Lide Liu, Edith M. Porter and Yvonne Paterson

Abstract

Paneth cells, highly secretory epithelial cells found at the bases of small intestinal crypts, release a variety of microbicidal molecules, including α-defensins and lysozyme. The secretion of antimicrobials by Paneth cells is thought to be important in mucosal host defense against invasion by enteric pathogens. We explored whether enteric pathogens can interfere with this arm of defense. We found that oral inoculation of mice with wild-type Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium decreases the expression of α-defensins (called cryptdins in mice) and lysozyme. Oral inoculation with Salmonella serovar Typhimurium strains that are heat killed, lack the PhoP regulon, and lack the SPI1 type III secretion system or with Listeria monocytogenes does not have this effect. Salmonella may gain a specific survival advantage in the intestinal lumen by decreasing the expression of microbicidal peptides in Paneth cells through direct interactions between Salmonella and the small intestinal epithelium

Topics: Host Response and Inflammation
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1128/IAI.71.3.1109-1115.2003
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:148886
Provided by: PubMed Central
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