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Triple helices containing arabinonucleotides in the third (Hoogsteen) strand: effects of inverted stereochemistry at the 2'-position of the sugar moiety.

By A Noronha and M J Damha


Arabinonucleic acid, the 2'-stereoisomer of RNA, was tested for its ability to recognize double-helical DNA, double-helical RNA and RNA-DNA hybrids. A pyrimidine oligoarabinonucleotide (ANA) was shown to form triple-helical complexes only with duplex DNA and hybrid DNA (Pu):RNA (Py) with an affinity that was slightly lower relative to the corresponding pyrimidine oligodeoxynucleotide (DNA) third strand. Neither the ANA nor DNA third strands were able to bind to duplex RNA or hybrid RNA (Pu):DNA (Py). In contrast, an RNA third strand recognized all four possible duplexes (DD, DR, RD and RR), as previously demonstrated. Such an understanding can be applied to the design of sequence-selective oligonucleotides which interact with double-stranded nucleic acids and emphasizes the role of the 2'-OH group as a general recognition and binding determinant of RNA

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1093/nar/26.11.2665
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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