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Cellular and Molecular Regulation of Vaccination with Heat Shock Protein 60 from Histoplasma capsulatum

By George S. Jr. Deepe and Reta S. Gibbons

Abstract

Vaccination with heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) from Histoplasma capsulatum induces a protective immune response in mice. We explored the cellular and molecular requirements for the efficacy of recombinant Hsp60 in mice. Depletion of CD4(+), but not CD8(+), cells during the inductive phase of vaccination abolished protection, as assessed by survival and by the fungal burden in lungs and spleens. In the expressive phase, the elimination of CD4(+) or CD8(+) cells after immunization did not significantly alter fungal recovery or survival from a lethal challenge. Depletion of both subpopulations after Hsp60 vaccination resulted in a failure to control a lethal infection and a higher fungal burden in lungs and spleens. Cytokine release by spleen cells from mice vaccinated with Hsp60 produced substantially more gamma interferon and interleukin-10 and -12 than that of cells from mice immunized with either H. capsulatum recombinant Hsp70 or bovine serum albumin. The generation of gamma interferon, but not of interleukin-10, was dependent on T cells, in particular CD4(+) cells. Treatment of Hsp60-immunized mice with monoclonal antibody to gamma interferon or interleukin-10 or -12 in the inductive phase of vaccination was accompanied by increased recovery of yeast cells from lungs and spleens and 100% mortality. Likewise, the neutralization of gamma interferon or interleukin-12 abolished the protective effect of Hsp60 in the expressive phase. These results delineate the complexity of the regulatory elements necessary for vaccination against this fungus

Topics: Fungal and Parasitic Infections
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1128/IAI.70.7.3759-3767.2002
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:128065
Provided by: PubMed Central
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