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A Gene from Aspergillus nidulans with Similarity to URE2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Encodes a Glutathione S-Transferase Which Contributes to Heavy Metal and Xenobiotic Resistance

By James A. Fraser, Meryl A. Davis and Michael J. Hynes

Abstract

Aspergillus nidulans is a saprophytic ascomycete that utilizes a wide variety of nitrogen sources. We identified a sequence from A. nidulans similar to the glutathione S-transferase-like nitrogen regulatory domain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ure2. Cloning and sequencing of the gene, designated gstA, revealed it to be more similar to URE2 than the S. cerevisiae glutathione S-transferases. However, creation and analysis of a gstA deletion mutant revealed that the gene does not participate in nitrogen metabolite repression. Instead, it encodes a functional theta class glutathione S-transferase that is involved in resistance to a variety of xenobiotics and metals and confers susceptibility to the systemic fungicide carboxin. Northern analysis showed that gstA transcription is strongly activated upon exposure to 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and weakly activated by oxidative stress or growth on galactose as a carbon source. These results suggest that nitrogen metabolite repression in A. nidulans does not involve a homolog of the S. cerevisiae URE2 gene and that the global nitrogen regulatory system differs significantly in these two fungi

Topics: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AEM.68.6.2802-2808.2002
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:123945
Provided by: PubMed Central
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