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The TRAP/Mediator coactivator complex interacts directly with estrogen receptors α and β through the TRAP220 subunit and directly enhances estrogen receptor function in vitro

By Yun Kyoung Kang, Mohamed Guermah, Chao-Xing Yuan and Robert G. Roeder

Abstract

Target gene activation by nuclear hormone receptors, including estrogen receptors (ERs), is thought to be mediated by a variety of interacting cofactors. Here we identify a number of nuclear extract-derived proteins that interact with immobilized ER ligand binding domains in a 17β-estradiol-dependent manner. The most prominent of these are components of the thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein (TRAP)/Mediator coactivator complex, which interacts with ERα and ERβ in both unfractionated nuclear extracts and purified form. Studies with extracts from TRAP220−/− fibroblasts reveal that these interactions depend on TRAP220, a TRAP/Mediator subunit previously shown to interact with ER and other nuclear receptors in a ligand-dependent manner. The physiological relevance of the in vitro interaction is documented further by the isolation of an ERα–TRAP/Mediator complex from cultured cells expressing an epitope-tagged ERα. Finally, the complete TRAP/Mediator complex is shown to enhance ER function directly in a highly purified cell-free transcription system. These studies firmly establish a direct role for TRAP/Mediator, through TRAP220, in ER function

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.261715899
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:122401
Provided by: PubMed Central
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