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A general approach for the use of oligonucleotide effectors to regulate the catalysis of RNA-cleaving ribozymes and DNAzymes

By Dennis Y. Wang, Beatrice H. Y. Lai, Anat R. Feldman and Dipankar Sen

Abstract

A general approach is described for controlling the RNA-cleaving activity of nucleic acid enzymes (ribozymes and DNAzymes) via the use of oligonucleotide effectors (regulators). In contrast to the previously developed approaches of allosteric and facilitator-mediated regulation of such enzymes, this approach, called ‘expansive’ regulation, requires that the regulator bind simultaneously to both enzyme and substrate to form a branched three-way complex. Such three-way enzyme–substrate–regulator complexes are catalytically competent relative to the structurally unstable enzyme–substrate complexes. Using the 8-17 and bipartite DNAzymes and the hammerhead ribozyme as model systems, 20- to 30-fold rate enhancements were achieved in the presence of regulators of engineered variants of the above three enzymes, even under unoptimized conditions. Broadly, using this approach ribozyme and DNAzyme variants that are amenable to regulation by oligonucleotide effectors can be designed even in the absence of any knowledge of the folded structure of the relevant ribozyme or DNAzyme. Expansive regulation therefore represents a new and potentially useful technology for both the regulation of nucleic acid enzymes and the detection of specific RNA transcripts

Topics: Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:113219
Provided by: PubMed Central
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