Sordarin derivatives constitute a new group of synthetic antifungal agents that selectively inhibit fungal protein synthesis. They have demonstrated in vitro activity against the most important fungal pathogens, both yeast and filamentous. This new family of compounds has also shown in vivo activity against murine Candida albicans, Histoplasma capsulatum, and Coccidioides immitis experimental infections, as well as against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in rats. After intravenous dosing in animals, both the area under the concentration-time curve and the elimination half-life were highest in Cynomolgus monkeys, followed by those in rats, mice, and rabbits. The volume of distribution at steady state for sordarin derivatives was similar in all species tested. The clearance in rats and mice was higher than for other species. GM 237354, a sordarin derivative, was characterized by high serum protein binding in mouse, rat, and monkey serum (unbound fraction, ≤5%). An indirect evaluation of the effect of liver function upon the metabolism of this class of compounds has been made in animals with impaired liver function such as Gunn rats, as well as in allometric studies that showed better correlations of half-life to liver blood flow than to animal body weight. Linearity of the main pharmacokinetic parameters was demonstrated after intravenous dosing of the representative compound GM 193663 at 10 and 20 mg/kg of body weight in rats. Allometry was used to determine whether human pharmacokinetic parameters can be predicted from animal data by regression analysis against body weight and liver blood flow. All these results have demonstrated that the human pharmacokinetics of sordarin derivatives can be forecast from animal data
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