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A computational model for the prediction of total knee replacement kinematics in the sagittal plane

By A.C. Godest, C. Simonis de Cloke, M. Taylor, P.J. Gregson, A.J. Keane, S. Sathasivan and P.S. Walker

Abstract

A computational model has been developed using a current generation computer-aided engineering (CAE) package to predict total knee replacement (TKR) kinematic in the sagittal plane. The model includes friction and soft tissue restraint varying according to the flexion angle. The model was validated by comparing the outcomes of anterior–posterior (A–P) laxity tests of two contemporary knee replacements against data obtained from a knee simulating machine. It was also validated against predictions from a computer model reported in the literature. Results show good agreement in terms of A–P displacements. Further tests were performed to determined the influence of the soft tissue restraints varying with flexion angle. This work represents the first attempt to use a sophisticated commercial CAE package to predict TKR motions and the advantages of the modelling procedure chosen are discussed

Topics: T1, R1, QA75
Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:21392
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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