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Organization of human T-cell receptor beta-chain genes: clusters of V beta genes are present on chromosomes 7 and 9.

By M A Robinson, M P Mitchell, S Wei, C E Day, T M Zhao and P Concannon


To ascertain the extent and organization of the germ-line human T-cell receptor (TCR) beta-chain gene repertoire, beta-chain variable region (V beta) genes were mapped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, cosmid cloning, and in situ hybridization. Probes derived from the 24 known V beta families were mapped to a total of six Sfi I fragments in DNA samples from multiple individuals representing all possible haplotypes of TCR V- and C (constant)-region insertion/deletion-related polymorphisms. Four of the Sfi I fragments were linked to one another to develop an extended map of the TCR beta-chain gene complex previously localized to chromosome 7q35. The remaining two Sfi I fragments, containing 6 V beta genes, could not be linked to the TCR beta-chain gene complex. Using human-hamster somatic cell hybrids and in situ hybridization, these orphon genes were localized to chromosome 9p. Nucleotide sequences of the orphon V beta genes, derived from cosmid clones, were 93-97% identical to V beta genes in the TCR beta-chain gene complex. Open reading frames in three of the orphon V beta genes were intact as were the recombination signal sequences. As expected, based on their orphon status, none of the V beta genes of chromosome 9 was detected in transcripts containing C beta. These results indicate that the functional germ-line V beta repertoire in humans is substantially (10%) smaller than previously estimated

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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