Previous studies have shown that tissue-factor-pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is an important regulator of the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation through its ability to inhibit factor Xa and factor VIIa-tissue factor activity. We describe the molecular cloning and expression of a full-length cDNA that encodes a molecule, designated TFPI-2, that has a similar overall domain organization and considerable primary amino acid sequence homology to TFPI. After a 22-residue signal peptide, the mature protein contains 213 amino acids with 18 cysteines and two canonical N-linked glycosylation sites. The deduced sequence of mature TFPI-2 revealed a short acidic amino-terminal region, three tandem Kunitz-type domains, and a carboxyl-terminal tail highly enriched in basic amino acids. Northern analysis indicates that TFPI-2 is transcribed in umbilical vein endothelial cells, liver, and placenta. TFPI-2 was expressed in baby hamster kidney cells and purified from the serum-free conditioned medium by a combination of heparin-agarose chromatography, Mono Q FPLC, Mono S FPLC, and Superose 12 FPLC. Purified TFPI-2 migrated as a single band in SDS/PAGE and exhibited a molecular mass of 32 kDa in the presence and absence of reducing agent. The amino-terminal sequence of recombinant TFPI-2 was identical to that predicted from the cDNA. Despite its structural similarity to TFPI, the purified recombinant TFPI-2 failed to react with polyclonal anti-TFPI IgG. Preliminary studies indicated that purified recombinant TFPI-2 strongly inhibited the amidolytic activities of trypsin and the factor VIIa-tissue factor complex. In addition, the inhibition of factor VIIa-tissue factor amidolytic activity by recombinant TFPI-2 was markedly enhanced in the presence of heparin. TFPI-2 at high concentrations weakly inhibited the amidolytic activity of human factor Xa, but had no measurable effect on the amidolytic activity of human thrombin
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.