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Phosphorylation by protein kinase C of serine-23 of the alpha-1 subunit of rat Na+,K(+)-ATPase affects its conformational equilibrium.

By N S Logvinenko, I Dulubova, N Fedosova, S H Larsson, A C Nairn, M Esmann, P Greengard and A Aperia

Abstract

Phosphorylation of the alpha-1 subunit of rat Na+,K(+)-ATPase by protein kinase C has been shown previously to decrease the activity of the enzyme in vitro. We have now undertaken an investigation of the mechanism by which this inhibition occurs. Analysis of the phosphorylation of recombinant glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins containing putative cytoplasmic domains of the protein, site-directed mutagenesis, and two-dimensional peptide mapping indicated that protein kinase C phosphorylated the alpha-1 subunit of the rat Na+,K(+)-ATPase within the extreme NH2-terminal domain, on serine-23. The phosphorylation of this residue resulted in a shift in the equilibrium toward the E1 form, as measured by eosin fluorescence studies, and this was associated with a decrease in the apparent K+ affinity of the enzyme, as measured by ATPase activity assays. The rate of transition from E2 to E1 was apparently unaffected by phosphorylation by protein kinase C. These results, together with previous studies that examined the effects of tryptic digestion of Na+,K(+)-ATPase, suggest that the NH2-terminal domain of the alpha-1 subunit, including serine-23, is involved in regulating the activity of the enzyme

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.93.17.9132
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:38607
Provided by: PubMed Central
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