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Constitutive activation of tethered-peptide/ corticotropin-releasing factor receptor chimeras

By Søren Møller Nielsen, Lisa Z. Nielsen, Siv A. Hjorth, Marilyn H. Perrin and Wylie W. Vale

Abstract

Constitutive activity, or ligand-independent activity, of mutant G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) has been described extensively and implicated in the pathology of many diseases. Using the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor and the thrombin receptor as a model, we present a ligand-dependent constitutive activation of a GPCR. A chimera in which the N-terminal domain of the CRF receptor is replaced by the amino-terminal 16 residues of CRF displays significant levels of constitutive activation. The activity, as measured by intracellular levels of cAMP, is blocked in a dose-dependent manner by the nonpeptide antagonist antalarmin. These results support a propinquity effect in CRF receptor activation, in which the amino-terminal portion of the CRF peptide is presented to the body of the receptor in the proper proximity for activation. This form of ligand-dependent constitutive activation may be of general applicability for the creation of constitutively activated GPCRs that are regulated by peptide ligands such as CRF. These chimeras may prove useful in analyzing mechanisms of receptor regulation and in the structural analysis of ligandactivated receptors

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2000
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.97.18.10277
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:27874
Provided by: PubMed Central
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