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A Double-Strand Break Repair Component Is Essential for S Phase Completion in Fission Yeast Cell Cycling

By Kimihiko Suto, Akihisa Nagata, Hiroshi Murakami and Hiroto Okayama


Fission yeast rad22(+), a homologue of budding yeast RAD52, encodes a double-strand break repair component, which is dispensable for proliferation. We, however, have recently obtained a cell division cycle mutant with a temperature-sensitive allele of rad22(+), designated rad22-H6, which resulted from a point mutation in the conserved coding sequence leading to one amino acid alteration. We have subsequently isolated rad22(+) and its novel homologue rti1(+) as multicopy suppressors of this mutant. rti1(+) suppresses all the defects of cells lacking rad22(+). Mating type switch-inactive heterothallic cells lacking either rad22(+) or rti1(+) are viable, but those lacking both genes are inviable and arrest proliferation with a cell division cycle phenotype. At the nonpermissive temperature, a synchronous culture of rad22-H6 cells performs DNA synthesis without delay and arrests with chromosomes seemingly intact and replication completed and with a high level of tyrosine-phosphorylated Cdc2. However, rad22-H6 cells show a typical S phase arrest phenotype if combined with the rad1-1 checkpoint mutation. rad22(+) genetically interacts with rad11(+), which encodes the large subunit of replication protein A. Deletion of rad22(+)/rti1(+) or the presence of rad22-H6 mutation decreases the restriction temperature of rad11-A1 cells by 4–6°C and leads to cell cycle arrest with chromosomes incompletely replicated. Thus, in fission yeast a double-strand break repair component is required for a certain step of chromosome replication unlinked to repair, partly via interacting with replication protein A

Topics: Article
Publisher: The American Society for Cell Biology
Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1091/mbc.10.10.3331
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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