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Stimulation of β1-Integrin Function by Epidermal Growth Factor and Heregulin-β Has Distinct Requirements for erbB2 but a Similar Dependence on Phosphoinositide 3-OH Kinase

By Margaret A. Adelsman, James B. McCarthy and Yoji Shimizu


Integrins and growth factor receptors are important participants in cellular adhesion and migration. The EGF receptor (EGFR) family of tyrosine kinases and the β1-integrin adhesion receptors are of particular interest, given the implication for their involvement in the initiation and progression of tumorigenesis. We used adhesion and chemotaxis assays to further elucidate the relationship between these two families of transmembrane signaling molecules. Specifically, we examined integrin-mediated adhesive and migratory characteristics of the metastatic breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-435 in response to stimulation with growth factors that bind to and activate the EGFR or erbB3 in these cells. Although ligand engagement of the EGFR stimulated modest β1-dependent increases in cell adhesion and motility, heregulin-β (HRGβ) binding to the erbB3 receptor initiated rapid and potent induction of breast carcinoma cell adhesion and migration and required dimerization of erbB3 with erbB2. Pharmacologic inhibitors of phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI 3-K) or transient expression of dominant negative forms of PI 3-K inhibited both EGF- and HRGβ-mediated adhesion and potently blocked HRGβ- and EGF-induced cell motility. Our results illustrate the critical role of PI 3-K activity in signaling pathways initiated by the EGFR or erbB3 to up-regulate β1-integrin function

Topics: Article
Publisher: The American Society for Cell Biology
Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1091/mbc.10.9.2861
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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