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Identification of an ATP-binding cassette transporter involved in bicarbonate uptake in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942

By Tatsuo Omata, G. Dean Price, Murray R. Badger, Masato Okamura, Satoshi Gohta and Teruo Ogawa

Abstract

Exposure of cells of cyanobacteria (blue–green algae) grown under high-CO2 conditions to inorganic C-limitation induces transcription of particular genes and expression of high-affinity CO2 and HCO3− transport systems. Among the low-CO2-inducible transcription units of Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 is the cmpABCD operon, encoding an ATP-binding cassette transporter similar to the nitrate/nitrite transporter of the same cyanobacterium. A nitrogen-regulated promoter was used to selectively induce expression of the cmpABCD genes by growth of transgenic cells on nitrate under high CO2 conditions. Measurements of the initial rate of HCO3− uptake after onset of light, and of the steady-state rate of HCO3− uptake in the light, showed that the controlled induction of the cmp genes resulted in selective expression of high-affinity HCO3− transport activity. The forced expression of cmpABCD did not significantly increase the CO2 uptake capabilities of the cells. These findings demonstrated that the cmpABCD genes encode a high-affinity HCO3− transporter. A deletion mutant of cmpAB (M42) retained low CO2-inducible activity of HCO3− transport, indicating the occurrence of HCO3− transporter(s) distinct from the one encoded by cmpABCD. HCO3− uptake by low-CO2-induced M42 cells showed lower affinity for external HCO3− than for wild-type cells under the same conditions, showing that the HCO3− transporter encoded by cmpABCD has the highest affinity for HCO3− among the HCO3− transporters present in the cyanobacterium. This appears to be the first unambiguous identification and description of a primary active HCO3− transporter

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:23989
Provided by: PubMed Central
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