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Smooth muscle myosin mutants containing a single tryptophan reveal molecular interactions at the actin-binding interface

By C. M. Yengo, P. M. Fagnant, L. Chrin, A. S. Rovner and C. L. Berger


Elucidation of the molecular details of the cyclic actomyosin interaction requires the ability to examine structural changes at specific sites in the actin-binding interface of myosin. To study these changes dynamically, we have expressed two mutants of a truncated fragment of chicken gizzard smooth muscle myosin, which includes the motor domain and essential light chain (MDE). These mutants were engineered to contain a single tryptophan at (Trp-546) or near (Trp-625) the putative actin-binding interface. Both 546- and 625-MDE exhibited actin-activated ATPase and actin-binding activities similar to wild-type MDE. Fluorescence emission spectra and acrylamide quenching of 546- and 625-MDE suggest that Trp-546 is nearly fully exposed to solvent and Trp-625 is less than 50% exposed in the presence and absence of ATP, in good agreement with the available crystal structure data. The spectrum of 625-MDE bound to actin was quite similar to the unbound spectrum indicating that, although Trp-625 is located near the 50/20-kDa loop and the 50-kDa cleft of myosin, its conformation does not change upon actin binding. However, a 10-nm blue shift in the peak emission wavelength of 546-MDE observed in the presence of actin indicates that Trp-546, located in the A-site of the lower 50-kDa subdomain of myosin, exists in a more buried environment and may directly interact with actin in the rigor acto-S1 complex. This change in the spectrum of Trp-546 constitutes direct evidence for a specific molecular interaction between residues in the A-site of myosin and actin

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:23664
Provided by: PubMed Central
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