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Genetic basis of tolerance to O2 deprivation in Drosophila melanogaster

By Gabriel G. Haddad, Yi-an Sun, Robert J. Wyman and Tian Xu

Abstract

The ability to tolerate a low-O2 environment varies widely among species in the animal kingdom. Some animals, such as Drosophila melanogaster, can tolerate anoxia for prolonged periods without apparent tissue injury. To determine the genetic basis of the cellular responses to low O2, we performed a genetic screen in Drosophila to identify loci that are responsible for anoxia resistance. Four X-linked, anoxia-sensitive mutants belonging to three complementation groups were isolated after screening more than 10,000 mutagenized flies. The identified recessive and dominant mutations showed marked delay in recovery from O2 deprivation. In addition, electrophysiologic studies demonstrated that polysynaptic transmission in the central nervous system of the mutant flies was abnormally long during recovery from anoxia. These studies show that anoxic tolerance can be genetically dissected

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences of the USA
Year: 1997
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:23494
Provided by: PubMed Central
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