Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Influence of diffuser angle on a bluff body in ground effect

By Andreas Ruhrmann and Xin Zhang


The forces and pressures on a generic bluff body in ground effect were investigated. The bluff-body model was equipped with interchangeable underbody diffuser ramps and side plates. Five different diffuser angles were tested: 5, 10, 15, 17, and 20 deg to the horizontal. The experiments were undertaken in a low-speed wind tunnel equipped with a moving ground. Load cells, pressure taps, and surface flow visualization were the techniques used to evaluate the flow field. The flow field is characterized by vortex flow and three-dimensional flow separation. A region of hysteresis was found for the 15, 17, and 20 deg diffusers. As the ride height is varied, five different flow types can be identified with three subtypes within the region of hysteresis. The force reduction phenomenon was found to be caused by both vortex breakdown and flow separation

Topics: TK, QA, TL
Year: 2003
OAI identifier:
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

Suggested articles


  1. (1981). Aerodynamic Effects of Shape Camber, Pitch, and Ground Proximity on Idealized Ground Vehicle Bodies,’’
  2. (2000). Aerodynamics of a Single Element Wing in Ground Effect,’’
  3. (2002). An Investigation of a Generic
  4. (1988). Describing the Uncertainties in
  5. (1971). Predictions of Vortex-Lift Characteristics by a Leading-Edge Suction Analogy,’’
  6. (1998). The Aerodynamic Performance of Automotive Underbody Diffusers,’’
  7. (2001). The Force and Pressure of a DiffuserEquipped Bluff Body in Ground Effect,’’
  8. (1994). The Kinematic and Fluid-Mechanic Boundary Conditions in Underbody Flow Simulation,’’
  9. (1986). Wind Tunnel Tests on Road Vehicle Models Using a Moving Belt Simulation of Ground Effect,’’

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.