The forces and pressures on a generic bluff body in ground effect were investigated. The bluff-body model was equipped with interchangeable underbody diffuser ramps and side plates. Five different diffuser angles were tested: 5, 10, 15, 17, and 20 deg to the horizontal. The experiments were undertaken in a low-speed wind tunnel equipped with a moving ground. Load cells, pressure taps, and surface flow visualization were the techniques used to evaluate the flow field. The flow field is characterized by vortex flow and three-dimensional flow separation. A region of hysteresis was found for the 15, 17, and 20 deg diffusers. As the ride height is varied, five different flow types can be identified with three subtypes within the region of hysteresis. The force reduction phenomenon was found to be caused by both vortex breakdown and flow separation
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