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Coping, conversation tactics and marital interaction in persons with acquired profound hearing loss (APHL): correlates of distress

By Richard S. Hallam, Paul Ashton, Katerina Sherbourne, Lorraine Gailey and Roslyn Corney

Abstract

This study investigated coping strategies, conversation tactics, and marital interaction in acquired profound hearing loss (APHL) and compared emotionally stable (n = 15) and emotionally distressed (n = 7) participants. Nominated family members were assessed on most measures. Comparisons were also made in the subgroup of married participants. A combined distress criterion was derived from scores on standardized measures of anxiety, depression, hearing handicap, and post-traumatic stress. Groups were compared on the Ways-of-Coping Checklist, a newly devised measure of conversation tactics, and on the Couple Behaviour Report. It was found that distressed APHL participants were more likely to cope through avoidance, self-blame, and wishful thinking, and they used more avoidant tactics in conversation. The coping profile of family members did not differentiate distress groups. However, there was some indication of greater employment of coercive tactics by family members of distressed participants. The results are consistent with the view that the coping style of a person with APHL and the nature of their conversational interactions with family members contribute to their level of distress. Implications for audiological rehabilitation are discussed

Topics: RF, BF
Publisher: Informa Plc
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1080/16513860701223060
OAI identifier: oai:gala.gre.ac.uk:2538
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