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Quantum dynamics of repulsively bound atom pairs in the Bose-Hubbard model

By L. Wang, Y. Hao and S. Chen

Abstract

We investigate the quantum dynamics of repulsively bound atom pairs in an optical lattice described by the periodic Bose-Hubbard model both analytically and numerically. In the strongly repulsive limit, we analytically study the dynamical problem by the perturbation method with the hopping terms treated as a perturbation. For a finite-size system, we numerically solve the dynamic problem in the whole regime of interaction by the exact diagonalization method. Our results show that the initially prepared atom pairs are dynamically stable and the dissociation of atom pairs is greatly suppressed when the strength of the on-site interaction is much greater than the tunneling amplitude, i.e., the strongly repulsive interaction induces a self-localization phenomenon of the atom pairs

Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1140/epjd/e2008-00077-3
OAI identifier: oai:edpsciences.org:dkey/10.1140/epjd/e2008-00077-3
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