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Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi lymphadenitis) in an HIV-positive patient Linfadenite necrosante histiocítica (linfadenite de Kikuchi) em um paciente HIV-positivo

By José VASSALLO, João Carlos COELHO FILHO and Vânia Gondin Pires do AMARAL

Abstract

Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, or Kikuchi's lymphadenitis (KL), is an unusual form of lymphadenitis, generally with self-limited clinical course. KL has been reported in rare patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Pathogenesis of the lesion is probably related to an impaired immune function. The purpose of the present article is to report on one case in which KL was diagnosed in an HIV-infected patient. Histomorphology and immunophenotype were similar to previous reports, but a focus of activated CD30+ macrophages was seen, what might be due to the immunological status of the patient. EBV was not detected on the sections using the in situ hybridization technique. Although rare, the occurrence of KL in HIV-infected subjects must be emphasized, because of the potential misdiagnosis of malignancy, especially in the presence of CD30+ cells.<br>A linfadenite necrosante histiocítica, ou linfadenite de Kikuchi (LK), é uma forma rara de linfadenite, geralmente de curso clínico auto-limitado. Raros casos de LK associados à infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) foram relatados, sendo sua patogênese atribuída à disfunção imunológica destes pacientes. O objetivo do presente artigo é relatar um caso de associação de LK em um paciente HIV-positivo. A histomorfologia e a imunofenotipagem foram semelhantes aos casos anteriormente descritos na literatura, mas focos de macrófagos ativados positivos para o CD30 foram vistos, o que pode ser devido ao estado imune do paciente. A pesquisa de EBV por hibridização in situ foi negativa no tecido. Embora rara, a ocorrência de LK em pacientes HIV-positivos deve ser lembrada, por causa do potencial erro diagnóstico com linfoma maligno, especialmente na presença de células CD30+

Topics: Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, Kikuchi lymphadenitis, AIDS, HIV, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0036-46652002000500006
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:2218fa4ade4c4604aa7673824c018497
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