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Involvement of the central nervous system in dengue fever: three serologically confirmed cases from Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

By Pedro F. C. VASCONCELOS, Amélia P. A. TRAVASSOS DA ROSA, Ivo C. B. COELHO, Dalgimar B. MENEZES, Elizabeth S. TRAVASSOS DA ROSA, Sueli G. RODRIGUES and Jorge F. S. TRAVASSOS DA ROSA

Abstract

Three cases of dengue fever involving the central nervous system (CNS) are reported. All occurred in 1994 during a dengue (DEN) epidemic caused by serotypes DEN-1 and DEN-2. The first case examined was a 17-year-old girl who complained of fever, nuchal rigidity and genital bleeding. Three blood samples were positive by anti-dengue IgM ELISA and showed hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test titers <FONT FACE="Symbol">³</font> 1,280. The second case concerned a 86-year-old woman with fever, muscle and joint pains, altered consciousness, syncope, nuchal rigidity and meningismus. Her blood sample showed an HI titer of 1:320 for flaviviruses, and an IgM ELISA positive for dengue. The third case was a 67-year-old woman with fever, abnormal behaviour, seizures, tremor of extremities, thrombocytopenia, increased hematocrit and leukopenia. The patient suffered a typical case of dengue hemorrhagic fever with ensuing shock and a fatal outcome. A single blood sample showed HI antibodies of <FONT FACE="Symbol">³</font> 1,280 and an IgM ELISA positive for dengue. No virus could be isolated from any patient by inoculation of blood into C6/36 cells and suckling mice. No other agent of disease was encountered in the patient.<br>Neste trabalho são descritos três casos de dengue com manifestações neurológicas incomuns durante a epidemia de dengue em Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará, em 1994. Todos os pacientes eram do sexo feminino. A paciente do primeiro caso tinha 17 anos e apresentou além da síndrome febril, sinais de comprometimento meníngeo com rigidez de nuca, e sangramento genital. No segundo caso a paciente de 86 anos apresentou quadro febril, intensa dor muscular e articular, alterações da consciência, desmaio, rigidez de nuca e meningismo. A terceira, de 67 anos, teve um quadro inicial de síndrome febril, seguida de comportamento anormal, tremores de extremidades, trombocitopenia, hematócrito aumentado, leucopenia, hipotensão arterial e choque, evoluindo para o óbito. Amostras sangüíneas obtidas das três pacientes foram negativas para tentativas de isolamento viral e apresentaram positividade por IH para Flavivirus (caso 1 <FONT FACE="Symbol">³ </font>1.280; caso 2 = 320; caso 3 <FONT FACE="Symbol">³</font> 1.280) e MAC ELISA para dengue, sendo negativas para outras doenças infecciosas como hepatites A, B e D, e leptospiros

Topics: Dengue, Dengue IgM, CNS involvement, Encephalitis, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0036-46651998000100008
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:4484e187d06c43d0af400c168bc336a5
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