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Ferimentos cervicais: análise retrospectiva de 191 casos Neck injuries: retrospective analysis of 191

By Luiz Carlos Von Bahten, João Ricardo Duda, Patrícia Danielle Schultz Zanatta, Andrei Leite de Morais, Fábio Silveira and Márcia Olandoski

Abstract

OBJETIVOS: Analisar a epidemiologia e a conduta nos ferimentos cervicais. MÉTODO: Foram analisados 487.128 prontuários de pacientes que ingressaram no Serviço de Emergência do Hospital Universitário Cajuru no período de 01/1996 a 06/2001. Destes, selecionaram-se 378 pacientes com ferimentos cervicais. Foram excluídos 153 que apresentavam lesões associadas e 14 por óbito no atendimento inicial. O estudo foi feito , assim, em 191 pacientes com lesões cervicais exclusivas. Avaliou-se a localização da ferida, o mecanismo de trauma, o comprometimento do platisma, sinais e sintomas, a hora de admissão e a conduta empregada. RESULTADOS: Cento e sessenta e quatro (86%) pacientes eram masculinos. A média de idade foi de 28 anos (10-72). Noventa (47%) ferimentos foram por arma de fogo (FAF) e 88 (46%) por arma branca (FAB). O principal horário de admissão foi entre 20 e 04 horas. Quanto à localização, 53% das lesões foram à esquerda, 45% à direita e 2% medianos; 36% em zona I, 55% em zona II e 9% em zona III. Em 101 o ferimento penetrou o platisma: cinqüenta e um (50%) apresentaram sinais e sintomas clínicos e receberam conduta operatória. As lesões vasculares foram as mais encontradas (20). Houve 24 (47%) cervicotomias não-terapêuticas. O tratamento conservador foi empregado em 41 (45%) casos de acordo com os exames físico e complementares. CONCLUSÕES: Homens jovens são mais acometidos quanto aos ferimentos cervicais. Estes ocorrem mais freqüentemente na zona II, e a incidência dos FAF e FAB foi equivalente. É adequado um manejo mais seletivo em relação aos ferimentos cervicais, devendo o manejo da zona II adequar-se à disposição de recursos dos serviços de trauma.<br>BACKGROUND: The study proposes to assess the demographics and management of neck injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review of 487.128 emergency department medical records from 01/1996 to 06/2001 was conducted. Out of the 378 patients selected for the analysis, 153 were excluded due to associated lesions and 14 because of death. The group of patients analyzed (n=191) had exclusively neck lesions. Injury location, kinetics of trauma, platysma involvement, signs and symptoms, admission hour and management were evaluated. RESULTS: One hundred sixty four (86%) patients were male. Mean age was 28 years (range, 10-72). Ninety (47%) injuries were caused by firearms and 88 (46%) were stab wounds. The main period of admission was between 08 pm and 04 am. The location of the lesions was 53% in the left, 45% in the right, and 2% in the median line; 36% of them being classified as zone I, 55% as II, and 9% as III. There was platysma penetration in 101 patients , half of them (n=51) presented signs and symptoms suggestive of injury, and were consequently subjected to surgical intervention. Twenty-four (47%) operative interventions were non-therapeutic. Forty-one patients (45%) were medically treated on the basis of clinical assessment. CONCLUSIONS: Young males are the most frequent victims of neck injuries. It occurs mostly in the Zone II , and the incidence of firearm and stab wounds were equivalent as a trauma mechanism. The necessity of a selective management of neck lesions is clearly evident. Regarding penetrating zone II neck injuries, the treatment may be adequated with the resources of trauma services

Topics: Lesões do pescoço, Epidemiologia, Análise, Condutas terapêuticas, Neck injuries, Epidemiology, Analysis, Therapeutical approaches, LCC:Surgery, LCC:RD1-811, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Surgery, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0100-69912003000500008
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:08db8aef54644174bf68f78ecefb24db
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