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Difficulties in the diagnosis of HTLV-2 infection in HIV/AIDS patients from Brazil: comparative performances of serologic and molecular assays, and detection of HTLV-2b subtype Dificuldades no diagnóstico de infecção por HTLV-2 em pacientes com HIV/Aids do Brasil: análise comparativa de ensaios sorológicos e moleculares e detecção de subtipo HTLV-2b

By Helena Kaminami Morimoto, Arilson Akira Morimoto, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Luiz Toshio Ueda, Tiemi Matsuo, Fernando Vissoci Reiche and Adele Caterino-de-Araujo

Abstract

The current diagnosis of human T-lymphotropic virus type-2 (HTLV-2) infection is based on the search of specific antibodies; nevertheless, several studies conducted in Brazil pointed deficiencies of the commercially available kits in detecting HTLV-2, mostly in HIV/AIDS patients. This study searched for the presence of HTLV-1 and -2 in 758 HIV/AIDS patients from Londrina, Paraná, Brazil. Serum samples were screened for HTLV-1/2 antibodies using two EIA kits (Vironostika and Murex), and confirmed by WB (HTLV Blot 2.4, Genelabs). The results obtained by EIA disclosed 49 (6.5%) reactive sera: 43 positive by both EIA kits, and six with discordant results. WB confirmed HTLV-1 infection in seven samples (0.9%) and HTLV-2 in 21 sera (2.8%). Negative and indeterminate results were detected in four (0.5%) and 16 (2.1%) sera, respectively. Blood from 47 out of 49 HTLV seroreactive patients were collected and analyzed for the presence of env, LTR and tax genomic segments of HTLVs by PCR. PCR confirmed six cases of HTLV-1 and 37 cases of HTLV-2 infection (14 out of 16 that were found to be WB indeterminate). Restriction analysis of the env PCR products of HTLV-2 disclosed 36 isolates of HTLV-2a/c subtype, and one of HTLV-2b subtype. These results emphasize the need of improving serologic tests for detecting truly HTLV-2 infected patients from Brazil, and confirm the presence of HTLV-2b subtype in the South of this country.<br>O diagnóstico de infecção por HTLV-2 se baseia na pesquisa de anticorpos específicos, entretanto, vários estudos conduzidos no Brasil têm apontado falhas nos kits sorológicos disponíveis no mercado em detectar HTLV-2, principalmente nos pacientes com HIV/aids. Este trabalho avaliou a presença de infecção por HTLV-1 e -2 em 758 pacientes HIV/aids de Londrina, Paraná, Brasil. Amostras de soro foram analisadas quanto à presença de anticorpos anti-HTLV-1/2 por dois kits de EIA (Vironostika e Murex) e confirmados por WB (HTLV Blot 2.4, Genelabs). Os resultados obtidos pelos testes sorológicos mostraram 49 (6,5%) soros reagentes: 43 positivos para ambos os kits e seis com resultados discordantes. O WB confirmou infecção por HTLV-1 em sete soros (0,9%) e HTLV-2 em 21 soros (2,8%). Resultados negativos e indeterminados foram detectados, respectivamente, em quatro (0,5%) e 16 (2,1%) soros. Amostras de sangue de 47 dos 49 pacientes com sorologia reagente foram avaliadas quanto à presença de segmentos do genoma dos HTLVs (env, LTR e tax), usando a técnica de PCR. As PCRs confirmaram seis casos de infecção por HTLV-1 e 37 casos por HTLV-2 (14 dos 16 cuja sorologia resultou WB indeterminada). A subtipagem de HTLV-2 por análise de restrição enzimática de produtos da PCR env mostrou 36 isolados de subtipo HTLV-2a/c e um HTLV-2b. Esses resultados reforçam a necessidade de melhorar o diagnóstico de infecção por HTLV-2 no Brasil e confirmam a presença do subtipo HTLV-2b na região sul do país

Topics: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2), HIV/HTLV-2 coinfection, Diagnosis, Serology, PCR, HTLV-2 subtype, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0036-46652007000400006
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:a57b340fe58c4c9db2201bbdbec21016
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