Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Associação de adjuvantes à picoxistrobina + ciproconazol no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Association of adjuvants with picoxystrobin+cyproconazole for Asian soybean rust control

By Jackeline Matos do Nascimento, Walber Luiz Gavassoni, Lilian Maria Arruda Bacchi, Bruno Zuntini, Marciel Pereira Mendes, Renan Kobayashi Leonel and Bruno Cezar Alvaro Pontim

Abstract

O principal problema fitossanitário da soja no Brasil é a ferrugem asiática. O uso de fungicidas é uma medida eficiente no controle da doença. Substâncias adicionadas à calda, como os adjuvantes podem influenciar a eficácia do fungicida. Testou-se nas safras 2008/09 e 2009/10 o efeito de seis adjuvantes (Assist®, Aureo®, Break ThruÒ, Joint®, Natur'l Oil® e Silwet®) adicionados a picoxistrobina + ciproconazol, além da testemunha (sem fungicida) e da testemunha padrão (Nimbus®), totalizando oito tratamentos. Para avaliação da doença, foram coletados folíolos nos terços superior, médio e inferior da cultura, observando número de lesões e urédias por folíolo nas três linhas centrais de cada parcela e incidência da doença. Na safra 2009/10, durante a segunda aplicação, foram utilizados papeis hidrossensíveis, avaliando-se o diâmetro da mediana volumétrica (DMV), o diâmetro da mediana numérica (DMN), o coeficiente de variação de gotas (CV), a densidade de gotas, o volume recuperado (L ha-1) e a área coberta pela calda fungicida (%). Nas duas safras não houve efeito dos adjuvantes testados sobre a eficiência de controle da doença quando comparados à testemunha padrão (fungicida + Nimbus®), podendo ser usados como alternativa. Na safra 2009/10 o adjuvante Aureo proporcionou menores valores de DMN, DMV, CV, volume recuperado e área coberta, enquanto que os tratamentos com maiores valores foram Assist, Joint, Nimbus e Silwet. Não foram observados sintomas de fitotoxidade associados à adição dos adjuvantes testados.<br>The main phytosanitary problem related to soybean in Brazil is Asian soybean rust. Fungicide use is an effective measure to control this disease. Substances added to the solution, such as adjuvants, can influence the fungicide efficacy. In the crop seasons 2008/09 and 2009/10, we tested the effect of six adjuvants (Assist®, Aureo®, Break Thru®, Joint®, Natur'l Oil® and Silwet®) added to picoxystrobin+cyproconazole, besides a control (without fungicide) and a standard control (Nimbus®), totaling eight treatments. For the disease evaluation, leaflets were collected from the upper, medium and lower thirds of the crop, and the number of lesions and uredinia per leaflet was observed in the three central lines of each plot, in addition to the disease incidence. In the 2009/10 crop season, during the second spraying, hydro-sensitive papers were used to evaluate the volumetric median diameter (VMD), the number median diameter (NMD), the coefficient of variation of droplets (CV), the density of droplets, the recovered volume (L ha-1) and the area covered by the fungicide solution (%). In both crop seasons, there was no effect of the tested adjuvants on the disease control efficiency compared to the standard control (fungicide + Nimbus®), which indicates that they can be used as an alternative. In the 2009/10 crop season, the adjuvant Aureo® provided the lowest values of VMD, NMD, CV, recovered volume and covered area, while the treatments providing the highest values were Assist, Joint, Nimbus and Silwet. No symptoms of phytotoxicity were observed associated with the addition of any tested adjuvant

Topics: Glycine max, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, surfactantes, Glycine max, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, surfactants, LCC:Botany, LCC:QK1-989, LCC:Science, LCC:Q, DOAJ:Botany, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, LCC:Plant culture, LCC:SB1-1110, LCC:Agriculture, LCC:S, DOAJ:Plant Sciences, DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: Grupo Paulista de Fitopatologia
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0100-54052012000300004
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:9514c77ace714dd19638f33b05e4ea92
Journal:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://doaj.org/search?source=... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.